STUDY: 0% Risk of Child to Adult Coronavirus Transmission – American Academy of Pediatrics

New research led by Duke and UNC and published in the Journal of American Academy of Pediatrics found an “extremely limited” rate of coronavirus transmission and NO transmission from children to adults. The study titled “Incidence and Secondary Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Infections in Schools” and was published in the Journal Pediatrics in January, 2021. TheEaglesWillFly.com shares a link to the full research so you can read it yourself as well as showcasing the abstract on our site and an analysis from the Washington Examiner.


Incidence and Secondary Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Infections in Schools – Abstract

BACKGROUND: In an effort to mitigate the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), North Carolina (NC) closed its K–12 public schools to in-person
instruction on 03/14/2020. On 07/15/2020, NC’s governor announced schools could open via
remote learning or a “hybrid” model that combined in-person and remote instruction. In August
2020, 56 of 115 NC school districts joined the ABC Science Collaborative (ABCs) to implement
public health measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission and share lessons learned. We
describe secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2 within participating NC school districts during
the first 9 weeks of in-person instruction in the 2020–2021 academic school year.

METHODS: From 08/15/2020–10/23/2020, 11 of 56 school districts participating in ABCs
were open for in-person instruction for all 9 weeks of the first quarter and agreed to track
incidence and secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Local health department staff
adjudicated secondary transmission. Superintendents met weekly with ABCs faculty to share
lessons learned and develop prevention methods.

RESULTS: Over 9 weeks, 11 participating school districts had more than 90,000 students and
staff attend school in-person; of these, there were 773 community-acquired SARS-CoV-2
infections documented by molecular testing. Through contact tracing, NC health department staff
determined an additional 32 infections were acquired within schools. No instances of child-toadult transmission of SARS-CoV-2 were reported within schools.

CONCLUSIONS: In the first 9 weeks of in-person instruction in NC schools, we found
extremely limited within-school secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2, as determined by
contact tracing.

Here is a link to the complete study: https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/early/2021/01/06/peds.2020-048090.full.pdf


Pediatrics Study – Analysis

Here is an analysis from The Washington Examiner…

A study of almost a dozen North Carolina school districts found an “extremely limited” rate of coronavirus transmission and no transmission from children to adults.

The study, conducted over a nine-week period, tracked 100,000 people across 11 school districts and found that only 32 coronavirus cases were acquired at school, and none of those instances involved child-to-adult transmission, according to ABC 11 News Raleigh-Durham.

“Over 9 weeks, 11 participating school districts had more than 90,000 students and staff attend school in-person; of these, there were 773 community-acquired SARS-CoV-2 infections documented by molecular testing,” the study’s abstract reads. “Through contact tracing, NC health department staff determined an additional 32 infections were acquired within schools. No instances of child-to-adult transmission of SARS-CoV-2 were reported within schools.”

The study focused primarily on hybrid instruction, which combines in-person and remote learning, and took place between Aug. 15 and Oct. 23.

“As the community rates took off, their plans and procedures were in place, and they toed the line. And the differences were really outstanding, and in fact, the worse things get in the community, paradoxically, the greater the advantage to be in a high compliance area like a school,” Dr. Daniel Benjamin, a Duke School of Medicine professor of pediatrics and the lead author of the report, said about the results crediting the schools’ adherence to social distancing policies.

Last year, a German study concluded that children do not play a major role in spreading the coronavirus in schools and may even serve as a “brake” on the disease.

A study in Scotland published in September came to a similar conclusion and suggested that individuals who spent significant amounts of time around children were less likely to contract the coronavirus.


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: